Cardano is a decentralised public blockchain and cryptocurrency project and is fully open source. Cardano is developing a smart contract platform which seeks to deliver more advanced features than any protocol previously developed. It is the first blockchain platform to evolve out of a scientific philosophy and a research-first driven approach. The development team consists of a large global collective of expert engineers and researchers.
Basic Attention Token (BAT)
Basic Attention Token radically improves the efficiency of digital advertising by creating a new token that can be exchanged between publishers, advertisers, and users. It all happens on the Ethereum blockchain. The token can be used to obtain a variety of advertising and attention-based services on the BAT platform. The utility of the token is based on user attention, which simply means a person’s focused mental engagement.
Bitcoin Cash (BCH)
Bitcoin Cash seeks to bring sound money to the world, fulfilling the original promise of Bitcoin as "Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash". Merchants and users are empowered with low fees and reliable confirmations. Bitcoin Cash aims to achieve unrestricted growth, global adoption, permissionless innovation, and decentralized development.
Bitcoin was the first cryptocurrency and is not backed by any central bank or government. Bitcoin can be traded for goods or services with vendors who accept it as payment.
BitTorrent Token (BTT)
TRON Foundation and BitTorrent Foundation have introduced a cryptographic token called BTT along with an extended version of the BitTorrent protocol in order to create a token-based economy around the usage of networking, bandwidth and storage on hundreds of millions of computers on the internet.
The CRYPTO20 (C20) token is an ERC20 token that was developed by Invictus Capital, a cryptocurrency specialist investment firm, in November 2017. At the time, CRYPTO20 was the world’s first tokenized cryptocurrency index fund. The Fund tracks the top 20 cryptocurrencies by market capitilisation, with the C20 token value being tied directly to the value of the underlying assets held by the Fund.
Civic is an identity verification provider designed to facilitate on demand identity verification (IDV) services. The CVC token is intended for use transacting in IDV related services offered by Civic.
EOSIO is a blockchain protocol powered by the native cryptocurrency EOS. EOSIO operates as a smart contract platform and decentralized operating system intended for the deployment of industrial-scale decentralized applications. The smart contract platform claims to eliminate transaction fees and also conduct millions of transactions per second.
Ethereum is a decentralized platform that runs smart contracts, i.e. applications that run exactly as programmed without any possibility of downtime, censorship, fraud or third-party interference. Ether is the native cryptocurrency of the Ethereum blockchain.
Litecoin is a fork of the Bitcoin Core client, differing primarily by having a decreased block generation time (2.5 minutes), increased maximum number of coins, different hashing algorithm (scrypt, instead of SHA-256), and a slightly modified GUI. Litecoin is often referred to as the Bitcoin testnet, where cutting edge features are tested out before being added to Bitcoin
OmiseGO is building a decentralized exchange, liquidity provider mechanism, clearinghouse messaging network, and an asset-backed blockchain gateway. Unlike other decentralized exchange platforms, this allows for decentralized exchange between multiple blockchains directly without a trusted gateway token.
Qtum (QTUM) is a Proof-of-Stake (PoS) smart contract blockchain platform and value transfer protocol. In PoS, node operators are rewarded for validating transactions. Qtum is built on Bitcoin's UTXO transaction model, with the added functionality of smart contract execution.
Augur is an open, global platform where anyone, anywhere can create, monitor or trade in prediction markets about any topic. Think of it as an "Event Wagering System" where the most accurate event forecaster "wins". This can effectively be used by a farmer to insure against a dry season, or by an event planner to insure a Festival in the Bahamas.
TRON is an ambitious project dedicated to the establishment of a truly decentralized Internet and its infrastructure. The TRON protocol, one of the largest blockchain-based operating systems in the world, offers high throughput, high scalability, and high availability for all decentralized applications in the TRON ecosystem.
TrueUSD, part of the TrustToken asset tokenization platform, is a blockchain-based stablecoin pegged to the value of the U.S. Dollar. In the TrueUSD system, U.S Dollars are held as collateral in the bank accounts of multiple trust companies that have signed escrow agreements, rather than in a bank account controlled by a single company. The U.S. Dollars held are verified by an independent third-party accountant that publishes monthly attestation reports.
USD Tether (USDT)
Tether (USDT) is a cryptocurrency with a value meant to mirror the value of the U.S. dollar. The idea was to create a stable cryptocurrency that can be used like digital dollars. Coins that serve this purpose of being a stable dollar substitute are called “stable coins.” According to their site, Tether converts cash into digital currency, to anchor or “tether” the value of the coin to the price of national currencies like the US dollar, the Euro, and the Yen.
Monero is an open source project that is focused on fungibility, privacy and decentralisation. The Monero cryptocurrency uses a obfuscated public ledger, meaning the details of financial transactions in Monero remain private. Monero is based off the CryptoNote whitepaper and led by South African software developer Riccardo Spagni, better known as "fluffypony" in the crypto community.
Ripple or XRP is the native token of the Ripple network, a real-time gross settlement system, currency exchange and remittance network. Ripple aims to create a global network of banks and other financial institutions that use Ripple software to lower the cost of international settlements.
Zcoin is a privacy-focused cryptocurrency project. It was the first to implement ideas from the Zerocoin project whitepaper written by a group of academics in 2013. When working on his first cryptocurrency in 2014, founder Poramin Insom realized that the project he developed lacked sufficient safeguards for user and transaction privacy. Consequently, in 2016, he created Zcoin, a new cryptocurrency with security and privacy at its core. Since then, Zcoin introduced key protocols, including the MTP mining algorithm, network privacy protocol Dandelion++, and recently, the Sigma Protocol to replace Zerocoin as the privacy protocol in use. The Sigma Protocol lets a user burn existing coins to redeem them for coins with no previous transaction history later. By breaking links in the blockchain, the protocol provides strong end-user privacy.
South African Rands (ZAR)
The rand is the currency of the Republic of South Africa, and is subdivided into 100 units called cents. The ISO 4217 code allocated to the rand is ZAR, from Afrikaans "Zuid-Afrikaanse Rand" meaning South African Rand. The rand is legal tender in the Common Monetary Area between South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho and Namibia, although the last three countries do have their own currencies pegged at par with the rand.